What is Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA)?
It is a method to enable individuals with Autism/Autism Spectrum Disorder to function effectively.
Each skill to be learned is broken down into manageable units of behavior so that each part can be taught effectively. This is done through discrete trials, where each unit of behavior is taught to mastery. Then learned units are put together to form more complex behavior.
Behavior excesses (behaviors that need to be decreased eg. tantrums) or behavior deficits (behaviors that need to be increased eg. eye contact) are managed to enable the individual to function effectively. This is done through positive reinforcement.
How is ABA done?
A comprehensive assessment is first done to determine the child’s skill level and behavior deficits and excesses.
An individualized ABA program is created based on the assessment.
ABA sessions involve teaching each unit of behavior. Each trial is recorded and analyzed to determine progress.
As the child learns each skill, he/she then progresses through his/her individualized program to learn more complex behaviors.